Java is a high-level, general-purpose programming language that was initially developed by Sun Microsystems (acquired by Oracle Corporation in 2010). It was designed to be platform-independent, meaning that Java programs can run on any operating system or device that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) installed.

Here are some key characteristics and features of Java:

Object-Oriented: Java is based on the principles of object-oriented programming (OOP). It provides support for encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism, and abstraction, allowing developers to create modular and reusable code.

Platform-Independence: Java programs are compiled into bytecode, which is a platform-neutral intermediate representation. This bytecode can be executed on any system with a compatible JVM, making Java applications highly portable.

Robust and Secure: Java includes features that enhance program reliability and security. It enforces strong type checking, exception handling, and automatic memory management (garbage collection), which helps prevent common programming errors. Java also has built-in security features and a robust security model that protects against malicious code.

Rich Standard Library: Java provides an extensive standard library that offers a wide range of pre-built classes and methods for common programming tasks. This library covers areas such as networking, input/output, concurrency, data structures, and more, making it easier for developers to build complex applications.

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